2017 Essays

Waste: The Defining Metaphor of Our Herding Culture

Will Tuttle : April 14, 2017

Dr. Will Tuttle

Compassionate Harvest by visionary artist Madeleine TuttleQuestion: What can we do about the problem of food waste in the world?

In the U.S., for example, according to the NRDC, about 40 percent of the food that is actually produced is thrown away and never eaten. This is 750 million pounds of food—about 240 pounds of food per person—wasted every year. While it’s heartening that some groups, such as Food Not Bombs, can capture a tiny percentage of this and share it with some hungry people, it’s tragic that we tolerate such waste in a world with millions of malnourished people. Underlying this food wastage is an even more serious problem: structural waste. Producing food uses 50 percent of all land and 80 percent of all fresh water, and this is due to the inherent inefficiencies of animal agriculture: we’re eating grain that’s first been digested and converted by animals. Compared to a vegan diet, the standard Western diet requires 11 times as much petroleum, 13 times as much water, and 18 times as much land.

Let’s look more deeply to explore some even more unrecognized wastage, and the driving forces behind our culture’s devastating and insidious orgy of waste.

We recently learned that every year in the U.K., over a million lambs die of hypothermia. Because of the popularity of lamb for Easter dinner, ewes are forcibly impregnated earlier than would be natural, so their babies are born early in the year, assuring that these lambs can be profitably fattened up in time for the Easter slaughter. The million or so baby lambs that shiver and freeze to death in the icy February winds of the British Isles are just a cost of doing business and are considered an acceptable level of waste by the industry, and by our society. Dying by freezing to death is excruciating, and similar suffering and death is inflicted on baby lambs (and virtually all other types of farmed animals) in many parts of our world, including North America and Europe.

We understand that this abuse and waste of millions of baby lambs is just a drop in the ocean we humans relentlessly inflict on literally trillions of animals annually, primarily through our desire to eat them. Millions of newborn male chicks are suffocated or macerated annually by egg producers as waste byproducts of an industry that exploits females, and a similar fate awaits millions of calves in the dairy industry. In the fishing industry, “bycatch” is the euphemism employed to refer to millions of tons of fishes, turtles, dolphins, whales, and seabirds trapped in nets or on hooks, and discarded, dead, back into the ocean as non-target species. Underweight juvenile pigs are killed and discarded as waste by industry. Ranchers, farmers, fishers, and their agents, such as the infamous USDA Wildlife Services agency, poison, trap, shoot, and destroy millions of wild animals yearly, including coyotes, mustangs, bears, bobcats, raccoons, rabbits, deer, otters, seals, dolphins, cormorants, swans, and many more.

This rampant destruction of animals who are seen as mere disposable waste or as throwaway impediments is devastating on many levels, and follows inexorably from the essential core of our culture. Although it is not discussed openly, we live today in an industrialized herding society. Our world is fundamentally organized around herding animals, confining and killing them in both large-scale and small-scale operations, and trapping and killing them in fishing operations. The consequences of this radiate into every dimension of our public and private lives.

Underlying all this, and all of animal agriculture, is the central practice and attitude of reducing beings to mere objects, and hard-heartedly viewing them as useable and wasteable commodities. Wastefulness is the invisible and defining characteristic of animal agriculture, and thus of our society today. Animal agriculture glorifies and revels in waste. It is based on disrespecting beings, and on killing, using, and throwing them away. Where is this “away?Turtles1 by visionary artist Madeleine Tuttle

The embarrassingly gross inefficiencies of animal agriculture are deliberately obscured, dismissed, and denied in our herding culture, but it’s nevertheless becoming obvious that eating animal-sourced foods is devastatingly wasteful to our oceans, rainforests, rivers, aquifers, fossil fuel supplies, air quality, climate stability, wildlife, and ecosystems, as well as to our physical, emotional, and cultural health. For example, in the U.S., livestock produce 116,000 pounds of waste (feces and urine) every second, over 3.5 trillion pounds annually, polluting air, rivers, and oceans, destroying soil and climate health, and killing wildlife and people. Animal agriculture is an engine of waste. It wastes water, petroleum, land, and massive quantities of grain and legumes that could feed starving children, whose lives are similarly wasted by this practice that wastes the lives of the billions of birds and mammals, and trillions of fishes who are consumed by our voracious appetites.

This waste is a form of violence and it takes many interconnected forms: the waste of vital resources, the waste of starving people’s lives and the war, misery, and conflict this causes, the waste of the animals themselves who are eaten only to directly contribute to the wasteful disease epidemics of diabetes, cancer, heart disease, obesity, autoimmune disease, dementia, and other maladies that cause more massive wastage of money, drugs, lives, time, energy, and resources. Looking more deeply, we see that our abuse of animals not only wastes their precious lives and health, and their purposes. We reap what we sow, and we inevitably find our lives, our health, and our purposes tend to be wasted in many ways as well.

This orgy of waste is obvious everywhere, and yet it is eerily invisible. We are suffocating in our pollution, and this physical waste is the outer manifestation of a deeper inner pollution that propels us to waste the opportunity of our valuable human life in pursuits that lead to more bombs, prisons, hospitals, and asylums. The desperation of the masses of our brothers and sisters who are seen as expendable commodities mirrors the desperation of the freezing lambs, the crushed male chicks, and the terrorized coyotes and mustangs. All are mere waste in the ongoing economic engine driven by the mentality of animal agriculture—the mentality of disrespect—that wasted the West and will reduce our inner and outer landscape to an utter wasteland if we don’t wake up soon.

Chickens by visionary artist Madeleine TuttleVegan living is the essential antidote to this mentality of disrespect of others and oneself. I remember learning in the Zen meditation center about the importance of doing ones’ best to minimize waste, and to respect everything, especially food. We took just two vegan meals daily, and every grain of rice that we put into our bowls, we were obliged to eat. There was no “away” to throw that grain of rice. We made an effort to practice mindfulness in eating, walking, and sitting. When we needed some water, we learned to take only what we needed, and underlying everything was the idea that we are dependent on others and that they are worthy of our respect and gratitude. These others include streams, clouds, forests, fields, reefs, animals, humans, past and future generations and, ultimately, all living beings. We are interconnected with all life, and life is sacred. This can become clear to us when our minds become quiet through the practice of looking deeply and mindful awareness.

Like the abused animals we have been compelled to eat from infancy in this herding culture, we are all exploited. The same system that would waste their lives and opportunities would waste ours as well. Ironically and predictably, in this system, those of us who are the most extremely wasteful become the elite, with the highest status and wielding the most control. Thus the system churns on, relentlessly destructive and wasteful of everything it touches.

The greatest contribution we can make to our world today is to question the invisible mentality of waste that permeates our culture and attitudes, and move to a vegan way of living, both in our external actions, and in our inner attitudes. Going vegan is the single most potent way to dramatically reduce our environmental footprint and to treat the disease of wastefulness that defines the culture into which we were born. Every vegan is not only saving the lives of thousands of animals yearly, but also the lives of trees, forests, rivers, and oceans, and of hungry people and future generations.

It’s essential to understand and do our best to embody vegan values of respect for others and ourselves. Traveling and putting on lectures promoting vegan living, Madeleine and I have been to our fair share of vegan potlucks and meals over the years, and while they are delicious and inspiring, it is somewhat heartbreaking to see people take vegan food and then casually throw it away because they took too much. As vegans, we are called to demonstrate vegan living in every aspect of our lives as best we can, as respect and non-wastefulness of resources. This is the essence of the teaching, and brings freedom and joy into our lives, and empowers us to be an effective example for others.

How much more heartbreaking it is to see people taking nonvegan food and nonchalantly throwing it away, without respect for the being who gave her precious life for that so-called food. I have met vegans who are so dismayed by this that they ask if perhaps they should eat this flesh and cheese in order to respect the exploited animal, and the huge quantities of grain, water, petroleum, and toxic chemicals required in the production of this “food.” Just as it’s essential to see that nonvegan foods are not actually food at all, but violence, it’s essential to see that waste is not just waste. It’s an explicit and harmful form of violence.Farm Animals by artist Madeleine Tuttle

Here is the liberating and inspiring paradox: by practicing respect and conservation, we don’t experience deprivation but rather a greater sense of appreciation and abundance, and a heightened sensitivity to the beauty and bounty of life around us. Vegan living is the path to abundance for everyone, where with awareness we can co-create harmonious and equitable relations and fulfill our purpose on this Earth. Thanks for caring, and for questioning the toxic mentality of waste injected into all of us by our obsolete herding culture. A more conscious world is yearning to be born. It’s up to each of us.

Taking the Second Step

Will Tuttle : February 28, 2017

Taking the Second Step

By Dr. Tuttle, in Alliance for Animals Magazine

Compassion, Truth & Healing

Will Tuttle : February 11, 2017

Compassion, Truth & Healing

in Living Aloha Magazine by Dr. Tuttle

 

Inspirations from China and Asia

Will Tuttle : January 23, 2017

By Dr. Will Tuttle

What can we learn about veganism and world peace from the ancient cultures of eastern Asia? During our recent four-week lecture tour to China, Taiwan, Vietnam, and Singapore, we received abundant inspiration and insight from these cultures. One of the most striking characteristics of these Asian cultures that we experienced, particularly with the vegan advocacy groups with whom we worked, was their healthy cooperativeness. It’s a bit hard to actually describe, but every day in a variety of ways I was struck, and at times awestruck, by the natural way the people had of working together harmoniously and productively.

 

China: The Cradle of Veganism1.004

For example, before Madeleine met up with me in Taiwan, I spent two weeks in China, giving about 20 lectures in twelve different cities in those fourteen days (Beijing > Guangzhou > Chengdu > Kunming > Xian > Taiyuan > Shenzhen > Hong Kong > Shanghai > Hangzhou > Haining > Xiamen). It was a grueling schedule for the three of us, (including Dr. Li Yu, the lecture tour organizer, and Jade Zheng, the interpreter), with flights nearly every day, and yet the cooperativeness, harmony, and enthusiasm of the event organizers and participants made it all heart-warming and joyful. Even when we arrived at 11:00 p.m. at an airport, there would be a delegation of local vegan advocates with big smiles, warm greetings, and a large bouquet of flowers to welcome us. The actual lecture events ran unusually smoothly, and day after day, night after night, the auditoriums and lecture halls were filled to capacity with enthusiastic attendees. It was common for me to sign a hundred or even several hundred books afterward, with long lines of people all working together graciously to make the many signings and photo-ops flow cheerfully and efficiently.

mmexport1478792436998It is a feeling that’s hard to describe and that seems unfortunately a bit missing in the West. For me, there was a palpable sense of connectedness displayed that seemed rooted in centuries of working together to achieve common aims. There was also a sense of respect that I found touching and inspiring. It’s manifest in many of the cultural gestures and basic ways of doing things. Most of the meals we shared, for example, were at a table with a large round revolving server filled with a variety of dishes. The custom is for all of us to be continuously mindful of everyone else as we turn the rotating disc to access the foods we’d like, and to be sure that others are also able to get what they would like. Another example, whenever we present someone with something, for example, a book, a business card, or a gift, both people involved always extend both hands simultaneously, holding the object in both hands and receiving it with both hands as well, usually with a slight bow or nod. Again, there is a feeling in these traditions that cultivates a sense of respect for each other and for all the elements in the act of giving.

food1Regarding the actual practice of vegan living, it was refreshing to be in cultures where people easily understood the spiritual dimension of vegan living, and relished speaking and hearing about it. This again seems to be somewhat missing in the West, and is I believe a result of the wounding and hardened materialism inflicted on us here by centuries of animal exploitation and abuse. I realized that in China I was arguably in the actual birthplace of veganism as a philosophy and way of life. When we trace the roots of vegan and vegetarian living, we are drawn ineluctably back to Vedic India and the ancient yogic and Jain traditions that emphasize ahimsa, or nonviolence toward all living beings, as the foundation of inner peace and social harmony. Still today, India is the most vegetarian-friendly country in the world, but the tradition of eating dairy products and owning and enslaving cows for this is profoundly intertwined with Indian culture. Because of this ubiquity of dairy consumption, the vegan movement in India is still relatively young and small, though it is rapidly growing.

mmexport1479276531511However, with the coming of Bodhidharma from India to China in the fifth century, bringing the Indian Buddhist teachings to a culture that never historically enslaved cows for milk or flesh, we find the genesis of a vibrant and authentically vegan culture in the Buddhist monasteries and temples that sprang up in China in the ensuing years. Over the centuries, these meditation centers became in many ways the cultural, spiritual, intellectual, and artistic hubs of Chinese culture, especially in the Tang, Song, and Ming dynasties. The China discovered by Marco Polo was far more advanced and refined than relatively primitive medieval Europe, and the demand for and interest in Chinese porcelains, arts, and culture helped spur Europe toward its Renaissance.

mmexport1479561711952It was in these ancient Chinese Zen temples where we find one of the earliest and most robust flowerings of vegan culture that persists to this day in many of the Buddhist centers of China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan, and Vietnam. The monastic residents of these communities refrained from eating any animal-based foods or wearing leather or silk, and did it as part of their spiritual practice of ahimsa, which is the ethical foundation of today’s veganism. In fact, it was in these centers that the first plant-based meat analogs were created by the temple cooks, such as seitan. Although the monks and nuns lived on healthy regimes of rice, vegetables, fruits, beans, and tofu, affluent patrons would visit on special occasions, and to please them at their vegan feasts, the cooks invented the first faux pork, fish, duck, and chicken from plant-based ingredients. This living tradition of course continues to this day, and it has become one of the fastest growing sectors of the food industry, bringing plant-based meat, cheese, and other alternative products to millions of people.

mmexport1479561709261It seemed to me that the enthusiastic crowds that attended the lectures throughout China intuitively understood that vegan living has its roots in the ethical and spiritual practices of compassion, contemplation, and direct insight into the interconnectedness of all expressions of life. And refreshingly, they understood that there is no conflict between spiritual practice and the scientific research demonstrating that shifting to plant-based ways of eating and living would be dramatically healing not only for our Earth’s ecosystems but also for our society, as well as our bodies and minds. In fact, about six months prior to my Chinese lecture tour, the Chinese government, based on these findings, had mandated a fifty percent reduction in meat consumption in China. When I mentioned this to the Chinese audiences, and told them I hoped that the U.S. government would eventually be similarly wise, there was always hearty applause.

mmexport1479806030714The entire lecture tour in China seemed to be blessed. No flights were delayed or luggage lost, and we were frequently able to find a few unoccupied rows at the back of the planes so we could squeeze in some sleep between events. And then there was Jade! Finding talented and simpatico vegan interpreters for the lectures in every city loomed as a huge challenge. After the first two lectures in Beijing, this was obvious, but when we landed in the second city, Guangzhou (Canton), we met Jade Zheng who was not only a remarkably gifted interpreter, but extraordinarily helpful in every way, so Dr. Yu wisely decided to invite her to travel with us for the entire tour, which she thankfully was free to do, and she assisted in countless ways.

One tDSC_5588hing she didn’t have to interpret for was my piano music, and Dr. Yu had fortuitously required all lecture venues to have a piano on the stage, and I found that the unique power music has as a universal language was especially well received among the Chinese (and all the Asian) audiences. Veganism is in many ways an expression of a heart that has opened, and—while words, images, and examples are primary catalysts in opening hearts—rhythms, melodies, and harmonies have remarkable capacities in this regard as well.

 

The World Peace Diet Project

The lecture tour kicked off what we are calling the World Peace Diet Project in China. With 1.3 billion people (compared to .3 billion in the U.S.), China obviously plays a critical role in the global vegan movement. I learned how quickly veganism is growing in China, supported by young people as is usual, but also by elders and traditionalists as well as by the government, science, and the media. In most cities, besides my lecture presentation on the World Peace Diet approach to vegan living, Dr. Yu would also give a lecture on the nutritional benefits of plant-based eating, and we would end with a panel on the stage where we’d be joined by local vegan activists, educators, filmmakers, restaurateurs, and entrepreneurs. It was illuminating to see the wide range of creative and grassroots approaches to spreading the vegan message all over China.

foodI also had remarkable opportunities to visit vegan restaurants and businesses. For example, in Guangzhou, one of the lectures was sponsored by a vegan products company, and when we toured their offices I was pleasantly surprised to discover that their business was booming and they had recently expanded to occupy an entire floor of a downtown skyscraper. Everyone in the business seemed to be under thirty and thriving in the company’s creative atmosphere. Later in the tour we visited a vegan baked goods factory in the Shanghai area that was similarly impressive. All the workers even came in on a Sunday to be there when we visited. Another remarkable discovery was a thriving vegan restaurant in Haining that had launched through local grassroots investment: over 130 local residents had invested in the restaurant by purchasing an equal share (the equivalent of around $3,000 I believe) and through this cooperative effort, they had created not just a thriving vegan restaurant, but a community gathering place treasured by many people.

Ma ChuoIn Hong Kong the local vegan group created a successful vegfest around our lecture presentation with lots of booths and vendors, and this was done in some other cities as well. In Xiamen we met a particularly inspiring fellow: Master Ma Chuo. He has made a vow to bring the vegan message to every city in China, a daunting seven-year task that he is accomplishing, every day hitchhiking with a hundred-pound pack filled with vegan literature he distributes as he speaks in schools and cultural centers. Now in year five of his seven-year adventure, he radiates joy and vitality, an ageless and beautiful person dressed in the traditional white garments of a wandering Taoist who brings kindness and awareness wherever he goes, planting seeds of peace throughout China, with a vow to do the same in India when China is completed.

How can we rest when animals are suffering so severely and in need of our aid?

DSC_5533In China we were also able to reach millions of people through interviews and recordings distributed by the media and online. The momentum of the vegan movement in China seems to be rapidly increasing, and it was heartening to see how the World Peace Diet holistic approach to veganism resonates naturally with vegans in China. Some explained to me that in the Chinese language, the word “vegan” is difficult to express precisely, and some are saying “world peace diet” instead of “vegan diet” and “world peace living” instead of “veganism.” The yearning for world peace is universal and profound, and it’s connecting increasingly with veganism in China, and as we saw next during the following week, in Taiwan as well.

 

Taiwan: The Vegan Pioneer

Taiwan is, it seems, the most vegan country in the world. Not only are there more than a thousand vegetarian and vegan restaurants on this little island, there is a booming vegan movement as well as a strong organic movement. This was encouraging to experience after being in China, where it is still difficult for many to access organic foods. The widespread vegan and organic awareness in Taiwan is due primarily to the Buddhist temples and organizations that form the heart of Taiwanese culture, and have millions of adherents. The Mahayana Buddhist tradition is vegan in its foundations, and so the general feeling in the populace is that eating meat is somewhat questionable. Dairy tends to be more popular, because it is a relatively recent arrival and is also not obviously causing harm to animals in peoples’ minds.

TurkeyFortunately there are many Buddhist and other groups such as the Meat-free Monday group working to educate the populace about the health, environmental, and ethical problems with dairy production. Because there is little land for large-scale animal agriculture, there is virtually no industry opposition to these educational efforts, and the government, as in China, is less corrupted than in the U.S. and Western countries through the typical massive infiltration and lobbying by animal agriculture, fast food, chemical, pharmaceutical, defense, and banking interests, all of whom profit from these foods, and the disease and war they cause.

The Clean Life Foundation, a nondenominational spiritual group that promotes meditation, yoga, and clean living, organized our lecture tour in Taiwan. They were effective, creative and enthusiastic in their efforts and our tour in Taiwan was delightful. The first event was a press conference that attracted all the major media, featuring an enormous turkey made completely out of fruits and vegetables in honor of Thanksgiving. Additionally there were creative dances inspired by animals and short speeches about the environmental and cultural benefits of vegan living. Later in the week, we participated in a second similarly successful press event in a hotel in a different city, and this one featured a vegan-inspired fashion show created by one of the most respected fashion designers in Taiwan.

Fruit girlsBesides speaking at these press events that brought the vegan message to a nationwide audience, we delivered lecture presentations in remarkably well-organized venues in several cities. The lecture in Taichung drew over 700 people, and we also had the opportunity to present workshops and concerts (piano and flute) and for Madeleine to give a vegan cooking class at a local restaurant. We met a team opening the world’s first completely vegan large-scale hotel, and participated in an evening showcasing the creative vegan advocacy efforts of Taiwanese children and teens. Visiting several vegan restaurants and bakeries and discussing strategies and possibilities with local advocates, we got an uplifting glimpse into the broad and deep progress being made in promoting vegan living in Taiwan, propelled by the youth, and also by the religious and spiritual organizations that promote meditation, kindness to others, and respect for all life.

NDSC_5578The Clean Life Foundation, like quite a few other spiritual groups, offers courses that help people live more mindfully and plant seeds of peace, joy, and health in their lives. We also visited the Tzu Chi Foundation, a movement of over ten million people, founded by the Buddhist nun and meditation master Cheng Yen, which assists people worldwide with food and disaster aid. We were especially honored to be able to meet the elderly and iconic Cheng Yen personally and thank her for her terrific work, and to present her with the Chinese version of The World Peace Diet.

 

Vietnam, Singapore, and Hawaii

The next stops were Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, and in Vietnam we were impressed both by the dedication of the vegan activists, and also by the difficulties they face in not being allowed by the government to put on public events or gatherings without special permission. Additionally, we were told that there is a massive advertising campaign underway in Vietnam to promote dairy products to the people, with ads and articles appearing constantly in the media about the benefits of milk and cheese. As everywhere in Asia, we were treated with tremendous kindness, and the lecture events were well attended and pianos were provided.

NIMG_2308Besides the main lecture event in Singapore, which was beautifully organized and well-attended, we had the opportunity to speak and concertize in the Canadian-sponsored international school there, and share the vegan message with the youth, who seemed genuinely interested and open. With Singapore, the most westernized of all the countries we visited, we were transitioning to the final leg of our lecture tour: three weeks in the Hawaiian islands of Hawaii, Maui, and Kauai. Again, we were encouraged to see the progress being made in Hawaii through the dedicated efforts of local activists on all three islands. We delivered two World Peace Diet Facilitator Training Retreats as well as a well-organized series of lectures, gatherings, and concerts, and by the end of our time in Hawaii, our hearts were filled with inspiration and gratitude.

Being able to coBanyan group1ntribute to this movement, and to work together with other grassroots activists in communities throughout Asia and the Pacific, is an honor and fortuitous opportunity. Animals, ecosystems, workers, hungry children, and future generations are in dire need of a complete transformation in the way we live, eat, and relate. We have seen, embraced, laughed, wept, and worked with the kindred spirits in countries, cities, and villages throughout this planet who share the world peace vision of respect for all life. This vegan movement is bigger than all of us, and yet it needs all of us.

Thanks to you, and to all who hear the call, for contributing your unique wisdom and effort to help unfold this global transformation that now, more than ever, is essential.

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